Each new decade brings a unique set of challenges and priorities to address. When you reach the age of 50, you should consider adapting your way of life to your body’s requirements. Physical changes begin at that time, and we spoke with professionals about what the most prevalent health concerns individuals will face in their 50s and how to address them.
1 — Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)
“High blood pressure, which is a major risk factor for heart disease and stroke, is a common problem seen in people in their 50s,” says Dr. Steve Hruby, a Chiropractor and founder of Kaizen Progressive Health. “As we grow older, our vascular system changes, which explains why high blood pressure is so prevalent among this age group. The arteries’ pressure begins to harden and lose elasticity. Weight gain and anxiety associated with middle age might also play a role. The good news is that high blood pressure may be controlled with medication and other lifestyle adjustments such as diet and exercise. Because the illness generally has no symptoms, it is easy to overlook. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, over one-third of individuals with high blood pressure are unaware of their condition. That’s why, when you reach age 50, you should have your blood pressure checked “more frequently” — at least once a year. According to the American Heart Association, a blood pressure reading of 120/80 or less is normal. Anything above 130 for the top number is considered high and should be discussed with your physician about treatment choices.”
2 — Hypercholesterolemia (High Cholesterol)
Dr. Hruby says, “Cholesterol is another reason for heart disease, which builds up on the inside of blood vessels over time and forms plaque, restricting or blocking blood flow. When this plaque detaches, it may cause a blood clot, a heart attack or stroke, or perhaps simply age-related illness. It doesn’t have any symptoms or warning signals, so it’s critical to get your cholesterol checked on a regular basis with a blood test at your doctor’s office during your middle years. Medicine, as well as exercise and diet, can help you reduce your cholesterol levels.”
3 — Diabetic Complications
According to Dr. Hruby, “While your doctor checks your blood for cholesterol, he or she may also check you for diabetes, which is another prevalent condition that develops in your 50s and can cause serious health problems. According to the CDC, over 34 million Americans suffer from diabetes, with most cases being type 2. Lifestyle modifications such as exercising regularly and eating a balanced diet can often control diabetes. Because diabetes, like high cholesterol and blood pressure, has numerous subtle symptoms, monitoring is critical. Diabetes, if left unchecked, can lead to a variety of health issues including kidney disease, blindness due to retinopathy, and heart disease.”
“For individuals with diabetes, getting a recommended yearly diabetic eye exam is the greatest approach to discover eye disorders early and perhaps detect diseases before they lead to vision loss,” adds Dr. Michael Abramoff, a fellowship trained retina specialist. “Thanks to technological advancements, it’s now feasible to have your diabetic eye check done with AI.”
4 — Rheumatoid Arthritis
“Arthritis, especially osteoarthritis, is caused when the joint cartilage between the bones deteriorates or is damaged, which happens in your fifties but is sometimes overlooked or dismissed,” states Dr. Hruby. “It can be extremely aggravating even if you are under the age of 50, but we’re seeing an increasing number of discomfort linked with it as you get older. If you experience joint pain or stiffness while performing daily activities, see your doctor. Rheumatoid arthritis, an autoimmune and inflammatory disease, must be ruled out first. Osteoarthritis may be treated in a variety of ways. Physical activity might help prevent additional suffering or disability by helping you feel better faster.” To alleviate pain, your health care provider may prescribe over-the-counter or prescription pain medications.