According to the CDC, 37.3 million Americans have diabetes and 96 million individuals have prediabetes. “Diabetes occurs when there is too much glucose, or sugar, in your blood,” explains Dr. Adrian Vella, MD. “Normally, when food is digested, sugar enters the blood and cells, where it serves as energy for those cells. Sugar enters the cells with the aid of insulin. When you eat food, your pancreas releases insulin into your blood. As insulin circulates throughout your body, it acts as a key that allows sugar to go into your cells and lower blood glucose levels. This mechanism does not function correctly in persons with diabetes or prediabetes. Sugar does not nourish your cells; instead, it builds up in your circulation and causes diabetes.” Here are the most common reasons for diabetes stated by experts.
1 — COVID-19 and Diabetes
According to recent studies, individuals infected with COVID are 40 percent more likely to get diabetes a year later. “The main question is whether or not the viral infection is involved or if the coronavirus sickness just revealed diabetes sooner than it otherwise would have,” says Dr. Kathleen Wyne, MD, PhD.
2 — Poor Diet
A diet consisting of fruits, beans, nuts, vegetables, and whole grains was found in one study of over 200,000 people released in PLoS Medicine to help prevent diabetes. People who ate refined grains and excessive amounts of sugar were more likely to get type 2 diabetes than those who consumed foods like fruits, beans, nuts, and vegetables. “Given the tremendous rise in diabetes incidence in the United States, research that identifies preventive strategies is worth noting,” says Robert H. Shmerling, MD. “Besides offering some of the most compelling evidence to date for dietary recommendations, a study like this might have the greatest influence on individuals at risk of illness.”
3 — No Exercise
According to experts, exercise is essential in preventing diabetes. “People with diabetes who walked two hours or more each week were less likely to die of cardiovascular disease than people with a more sedentary lifestyle, and people who exercised three or four hours per week reduced their risk even more,” said Harvard Health. “Women who exercised for at least four hours every week had a 40 percent decreased risk of developing heart disease. These benefits remained even after researchers took account of potential confounding variables, such as smoking, BMI, and other cardiovascular disease risk factors.”
4 — Being Overweight
Being overweight or obese is a major risk factor for insulin resistance and diabetes. The relationship between diabetes and excessive fat is so strong that researchers have coined a new term: “diabesity.” “Diabesity is a disease with the potential to cause long-term negative effects on the body,” explains endocrinologist Jay Waddadar, MD. “Some patients mistake the significance of taking measures to manage it because they are feeling well at diagnosis time. However, this is a big blunder. Diabesity is a silent illness that destroys your body if you don’t keep an eye on it, even while you believe you’re healthy.”